Device Closure For Congenital Heart Disease – Life Transforming, Heart Saving

 Device closure for CHD is used to close the holes in the heart.Device closure for congenital heart disease is a procedure in which the holes in a heart are closed without the need of surgery. Patients suffering from holes in the heart ca present at a very early stage (0-3 years of age), if the hole is large or at 25 – 40 years of age; if the hole is smaller

.The hole in the heart can be present at 3 different locations

  • At level of Atria – Atrial Septal Defect
  • At level of Ventricle – Ventricular Septal Defect
  • At great Artery Level – Patent Ductus Arteriosus

How to Detect the Hole in the Heart

  • At time of routine examination by doctor
  • Presenting with symptoms like frequent respiratory infections, fever, cough, failure to gain weight, feeding difficulties – If the hole is large & presenting at young age.
  • Breathlessness, Palpitations, Chest Discomfort – if the hole is moderate size & presenting at 25 – 40 years of age.

Device Closure for Congenital Heart Defects

  • No surgery needed – opening of chest & major surgery
  • Performed under local anaesthesia
  • Success rate more than 99% in suitable cases
  • Early discharge – hospital stay 24 – 48 hours
  • Excellent long term results & very low risk of sequelae
  • Limited limitations for device closure can be performed only for suitable cases
  • Suitability for device closure is ascertained by Echocardiography and Transoesophageal Echocardiography (TEE)

Complications

  • Device Embolisation
  • Device Erosion can happen in a small minority cases

Post – Procedure Precautions

  • Patient may be adviced to take dual antiplatelet therapy for a period of 3months
  • Periodic ECG to